Monday, May 27, 2019
Fathers and Sons Essay
Finally the whales ability to transport himself globally from one setting to another, in bruise of his obvious physical appearance and limitations is something which the author leaves essentially unexplored. As a consequence the reader is reminded that this is fiction. However, the themes of Frankenstein prejudice, knowledge, ambition, injustice and parental responsibility are familiar and attend to deflect the reader from the fictionality of the novel. Societys inability to see the true reality beneath the appearance is a central theme.The Monster is not judged by his actions, such as saving the drowning girl but instead by his grotesque and frightening appearance. The perception of the humans to whom he comes into contact is distorted, and barring the blind, white-haired man De Lacy who judges him by his sentiments, they attack rather than accept him. Societys prejudice against that which is different (physical, religious, cultural diversity) is a theme to which readers stin kpot relate. Attainment of knowledge is another key theme to which the reader can associate.Walton, professional and the Monster all begin their stories by communicating a zest to explain the world around them, although each has a different focus. Walton and Victors thirst for knowledge is arrogant and ambitious with disastrous consequences. The Monsters by comparison is simple and pure and driven by necessity. Through the De Lacys he learns about love, happiness and kindness and how to unravel the secret of language (Frankenstein, page 89). Through this theme Shelley draws us in to accept that misguided knowledge is more tragic than no knowledge at all.If we watch modern scientific developments (IVF and human cloning), the ethical implications as identified in Frankenstein, are just as relevant today. The disregard for basic human rights and decency is a theme that emerges throughout the novel. Justice, parental responsibility, oppression, the right to education and companionshi p are all addressed by Shelley. The injustice of Justines execution the rejection of children by their parents (Justine, Safie and the Monster) the Monsters desire for love and affection, are all emotive issues to which the reader can connect.As a consequence of the authors use of recognizable themes we are drawn in and find ourselves accepting the implausible context in which they are set. Shelleys characters lend themselves to the romantic and gothic genres. Their characterisation is stereotyped, matte and largely undeveloped. These characters serve not deflect us from their fictionality but compliment instead the emotional, tragic and fatalistic tone of the novel. Justine, Elizabeth, Safie and Agatha are reflections of the virtuous woman, biologically bran-new as they have not been tainted by sexual experiences or motherhood.The Monster by contrast is not a fully formed separate but a debasement of the human form. Shelley incorporates other characters not for the purpose of r ealism but to perform a functional role within the novel. The well-nigh significant of these characters is William. He is an undeveloped character and yet his death serves many literary meanings. His characterisation moves the plot forward (his death creates the opportunity for Victor to deliver to Geneva) helps to develop themes (prejudice, political and revenge) and enables us to understand more about the major characters.Walton is arguably set apart from the other characters within the novel, as having the ability one time faced with a wretched image of his future self, to emerge as the single wiser individual (The Realist Novel, page 80). However, the duplication and doubling of the male characters within Frankenstein Victor and Walton (through their ambition and thirst for knowledge) and Victor and the Monster (through shadowing of God & Man/Satan, Paradise Lost) leads the reader to conclude that in spite of their marked differences, their fate leave be the same, ultimate ly, failure and death (The Realist Novel, page 80).By the end of the novel Victor and presumably the Monster are dead, whilst Walton although returning to England has in all likelihood not abandoned his hope of utility and glory (Frankenstein, page 184). Frankenstein like the Monster is a hybrid (mixture of genres). In spite of Shelleys use of realist conventions to show up real life issues, Frankenstein is undoubtedly an offshoot of Romanticism, the gothic novel.The expression of the imagination through incredible events, mysterious settings and satanic imagery are all features of this genre. I would argue therefore that although Frankenstein does not sufficiently draw us in to prevent us from thinking this is fiction, this was ultimately not the authors aim. Shelley instead was intent on creating a sensationalist horror, a science-fiction that would enable the reader to explore the sub-conscious and the principles at the heart of human nature.BIBLIOGRAPHY Shelley. M, Frankenstein 1818 text (1998) Oxford University Press (World Classics). Walder. D (ed. ), The Realist Novel (2005) The Open University. Approaching Prose Fiction, (2002) The Open University. ? X0499126 Steve Lenaghan 1 Show preview only The above preview is unformatted text This student written piece of work out is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Mary Shelley section.